The truths and the myths of widely-held views about Scandinavian people.
What comes into your mind when you hear the word Scandinavia? Is your view of the Nordic people defined from experience? Or is it defined by things your parents told you, or what you've seen in the media or read online?
A question of perspective
Stereotyping of Scandinavian people differs greatly depending on your perspective. Most foreign generalisations of the region's people paint them as wealthy, rational, and perhaps even boring, with very little differences seen between the three nationalities.
Yet step inside the region, and you’ll be surprised. Norwegian stereotypes about the Swedes and Danes are just as strong as the external perspectives of Scandinavians in general, and the same holds true from the perspective of the Swedes and Danes.
Scandinavian jokes featuring “the Swede, the Dane and the Norwegian” are commonplace in schools. As depicted in this excellent long-running web comic, the typical Swede is rich, arrogant, and tech-savvy.
The typical Dane is usually seen as a slightly decadent hedonist, with a can of beer never far from reach. The typical Norwegian is depicted as an uneducated jumper-wearing country bumpkin, always with a fish close at hand.
It should come as no surprise really. It’s impossible to discuss the history of one without mentioning the others within a couple of sentences. There have been political unions, wars, and contested boundaries in the region since the Medieval era.
Although this article deals with stereotypes from a global perspective, it’s important to remember this, especially when you get into a conversation with a local! Now, let’s take a closer look at some of the most popular Scandinavian stereotypes. Which ones are true, and which ones are myths? Let’s find out!
Blonde hair, blue eyes
Perhaps the most popular stereotype about the region’s population is that everyone – men and women – is blonde-haired and blue-eyed. This is perhaps the biggest myth of them all! It is true that the percentage of blonde-haired people is a little higher in Scandinavia than in the rest of the world, but it is a long way from being a majority.
Like elsewhere in Europe, Norwegians, Danes and Swedes have a range of hair and eye colours. There are two theories as to why many Scandinavians have blonde hair.
One popular theory is it was caused by genetic mutations as a result of the lack of sunlight once humans began to spread north. Another more controversial theory has it that blonde hair began to develop in Scandinavia as a result of sexual selection, as it was deemed more attractive.
Whatever the truth, it’s thought likely that the Viking travels from the late eighth century onwards is what helped to spread the distinctive hair colour throughout Europe. So if you're blonde on top, you may have the Vikings to thank for it!
They're all socialists
The Nordic model is perhaps one of the most misunderstood economic systems in the world.
Far from being socialists states, the three Scandinavian countries are in fact principally free market capitalist economies. What defines the Nordic model is the comprehensive welfare state and collective bargaining layered on top.
As for politics, from 2013-2017 Norway had a ruling centre-right coalition, which was re-elected (albeit with some additional support from the centrist Liberal party) through until 2021. Assuming the government stays functional, that will be eight full years without left wing representation at the highest level of Government.
In Sweden, a coalition led by the Social Democrats has been in power since 2014, but it is one of the weakest minority governments in the country's history. Since 2015, the Prime Minister of Denmark has been Lars Løkke Rasmussen, the leader of the centre-right Venstre party.
The people are rude
This one divides opinion, and with good reason! Many academic studies have been done into Nordic behavioural patterns, and the results are fascinating.
While we’re not going to dive into detail here, the results can be easily summarised as a cultural misunderstanding. Behaviour that Scandinavians perceive as polite – such as not bothering a stranger with small talk – is perceived by some foreigners as standoffish and rude.
A researcher from NHH’s Department of Professional and Intercultural Communication finds no support whatsoever for a universal standard of politeness in her studies. “No, Norwegians are polite. We don’t bother other people unnecessarily. We don’t ask for help unless we feel we really need to. To us, that’s being polite,” she told Science Nordic. Read more here.
All Scandinavians are wealthy
Norway is a wealthy nation because of oil and gas, whereas the Swedish economy was built on copper and steel. One thing all three countries have in common is that the government, unions, businesses and people work together for the greater good.
It also depends, of course, on your definition of the word ‘wealthy'. While salaries are relatively high in Scandinavia, so is the cost of living. Every citizen knows there is a safety net there should they lose their job, become unable to work through injury, or fall seriously ill.
Because of the high cost of living, it's normal for both people in a relationship to work. The excellent support for new parents and priority of children in Nordic society means taking time off to have children is not a problem.
So while every individual Scandinavian isn't rich, there are a lot less people struggling to make ends meet than in certain other developed countries.
Everyone’s house looks like an IKEA showroom
Come on now, IKEA is Swedish after all! In case you were wondering, there are 24 IKEA stores in Sweden, nine in Norway, and five in Denmark.
Scandinavian homes tend to skew smaller than you'd get in the United States, for example. This means no space is wasted and clever storage solutions are utilised wherever possible. So while not everyone shops at IKEA, the functional style of furniture made famous by the furniture store is certainly a feature of many Scandinavian homes.
Remember those intra-Scandinavian stereotypes we talked about earlier? Let's finish with a joke.
A Norwegian, Swede and a Dane are travelling the ocean, but soon find themselves shipwrecked on a remote island. Just as the three Scandinavians wonder how they will survive, a genie appears and grants each of them a wish. Without a moment's hesitation, the Swede says, “I want to go home to my large bungalow, Volvo, and slick IKEA furniture.”
He vanishes, so the Dane says, “I want to go back to my cozy little Copenhagen apartment, to relax on my sofa with my sexy girlfriend and six-pack of beer.
As he too disappears, the Norwegian ponders what to do. Finally, he says, “I'm really lonely now, so I wish for my two friends to come back.”