May 1: Labour Day in Norway

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Updated for 2024: As with much of the world, Norway celebrates Labour Day on May 1. Here's what you can expect if you find yourself downtown on the day.

It’s been few years now since the lockdowns and resultant temporary layoffs impacted hundreds of thousands of people throughout Norway. They were record unemployment numbers outside of wartime.

Labour Day parade 2012 in Oslo

Things are of course long since back to normal, but that means the time is right to celebrate Norway’s strong employment laws that saw many people through the tough times.

A Day for the Workers

The first of May is a day used to celebrate the ordinary worker in many countries of the world. The celebration occurs every year on May Day (1 May), which is a European spring festival stretching back to ancient times.

According to the good ship Wikipedia, the date was chosen by socialist and communist political parties to commemorate the 1886 Haymarket affair in Chicago, where a bomb disrupted a labour demonstration.

In Norway, it’s one of the public holidays. So, most workers receive a day off – as long as the day falls on a weekday, of course! This year it falls on a Wednesday, splitting the working week.

Known as “Arbeidernes dag” in Norwegian, it is a day dedicated to the achievements and contributions of workers. Across Norway, people from various labor unions and political groups partake in rallies and parades, particularly prominent in cities like Oslo, Bergen, and Trondheim.

The flag of Norway

These gatherings often feature speeches by political leaders and activists, emphasizing issues such as workers' rights, fair wages, and social justice. Labour Day also serves as a reflection of Norway's strong commitment to social equality and workers' welfare.

Labour Day in 2024

According to LO Oslo, the main focus for the day in the Norwegian capital will as usual be the public square Youngstorget. You can read about the multiple campaign messages on the LO Oslo website.

The event kicks off with live music and speeches from 11.45am, followed approximately one hour later by the beginning of the Labour Day parade through the streets of downtown Oslo.

Various memorials will be held throughout the day, including a 3pm service at Oslo Cathedral.

It's a similar story in Bergen. A march culminates at Torgallmenningen, where speeches will be given before the march continues.

A look back to 2012

Back in 2012 I published my experience of a Labour Day down in Oslo. I’m republishing that below so you can get a feel for what things are usually like on 1 May in Norway. Enjoy!

The run of public holidays at this time of year continued today with the traditional 1st May celebration, Labour Day. It also coincided with the first anniversary of my move to Oslo. My, how time flies!

Sognsvann this morning

Today was widely predicted to be a “different” 1st May due to the ongoing terror trial, but the day was embraced and celebrated. The glorious weather no doubt played a part in that! It was a welcome change for me after an awful weekend of rain on a trip back to England.

To kick the morning off, I took a meandering walk around Sognsvann at the very top of Oslo. I was joined by families, dogs, even ponies! The sun was out, dogs splashed around in the water and I just about resisted the temptation to take one home 🙂

Ponies at Sognsvann

Back downtown, the annual Labour Day parade kicked off along Karl Johans gate at 1pm. The only two parades I'd seen before today were for Constitution Day and Gay Pride, both very different in style, the former very formal and the latter very extravagant!

One word to sum up today's parade would be political. Well, political mixed with some awesome marching bands 🙂

Oslo Labour Day march

The main themes were a continued opposition to the EU & EEA (EØS in Norwegian), a campaign to save the Aker Hospital (La Aker Leve!) and a general “jobs for all” message. The red flags were out in force. The general anti-EU feeling was interesting to see given the simultaneous Labour Day marches going on in Greece, Spain and France.

There wasn't really much attention given to proceedings at the courthouse, although the scenes in Bergen were somewhat different.

Bergen was the home base of many of the young politicians killed on Utøya last year, so Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg and other Labour party officials headed there to rally their party and Norwegians in general.

Retro red fire truck in Oslo

But in Oslo, I get the feeling people are saving themselves for the national celebrations on 17th May. It's going to be quite an emotional day this year.

As the day drew to a close, attention turned to football and the first round of the Norwegian Cup. The draw had turned up a pearl of an Oslo derby, Vålerenga playing “away” at old city rivals Lyn.

For those unaware of the history, Lyn went bankrupt a few years ago and play in the lower leagues of Norwegian football at Bislett Stadion, where Vålerenga used to play.

The game was featured live on NRK and thankfully, despite a late Lyn rally, Vålerenga clinched a 2-1 win.

About David Nikel

Originally from the UK, David now lives in Trondheim and was the original founder of Life in Norway back in 2011. He now works as a professional writer on all things Scandinavia.

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6 thoughts on “May 1: Labour Day in Norway”

  1. feels both longer than a year, and no-where a year since I picked you up at Oslo S, both at the same time!
    So glad you’re still enjoying yourself, and do hope you stick around (much) longer.

  2. Why do the Norwegians want out of the EU? Is it out of protectionism? (Perhaps the subject of a future post…?)

    • Great question and yes, definitely the topic of a future post! They are in the EEA but outside the EU, hence have to abide by many EU regs (and the reason I was able to move over here very easily!)

      • Norway’s relationship to the EU is like the Bokmål/Nynorsk question: It’s very complicated and takes much time to explain! 🙂 EU membership has been one of the most dividing issues in Norwegian politics, and EEA could be viewed upon as a national compromise in the matter. Complicated? You bet! A future post is absolutely in order! Lykke til med den, David! 🙂

    • I think there are several ‘main’ issues.

      1. Norway is a very young country. Only just over 100 years old. And even during that time, we were occupied by German forces. So folk are PROUD of their country and don’t want to lose control.

      This is the biggest reason, I think.

      2. Norway is a socialist country. Within itself. Folk in more populated areas basicall subsidise those in more rural areas (even down to a carton of milk costing roughly the same, despite transport costs being far higher to more remote areas)

      3a. Norwegians expect high quality stuff. A recent article in Aftenposten was about one of the main store (Rema 1000) starting to stock ‘cheaper’ meats, which are pumped with water & salt to increase the weight, in exchange for a cheaper price. Folk were *strongly* against it.

      3b. Norwegians don’t want cheaper INFERIOR stuff in their shops. Yes, they complain about prices (ironically, I find it cheaper here for stuff with wage comparrisons than the UK), but they want quality. And they can and will pay for it.

      4. We just don’t NEED the EU. The EU needs Norway (they see all the cash we have saved away for the future and want to get their grubby hands on it)


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