Norway's three coalition leaders are currently all female and the country is one of the most gender equal in the world. Who are the most famous Norwegian women?
Norway was the first country in the world to appoint a special Gender Equality Ombud, and consolidated its comprehensive legislation on equality into a separate Gender Equality Act, which has been updated several times.
The country's governments have been almost 50 per cent women for the last 30 years, while positions including the Parliament's president, Oslo Police commissioner, UiO president and even the governor of Svalbard are, or have recently been, women.
Norway is renowned for having many prominent female politicians. Erna Solberg has been the Prime Minister since 2013, and the leaders of all three parties in the current coalition government that run the country are female.
Gro Harlem Brundtland
In 1981, at the age of 41, she was appointed Prime Minister for the first time. Gro Harlem Brundtland was the youngest person and the first woman ever to hold the office of Prime Minister in Norway.
At the age of 52, Erna Solberg became the second female Prime Minister of Norway after winning in the 2013 election. Four years later, she remained in office as her Conservative party (Høyre) was able to form a minority coalition despite losing seats.
In 2012 Hadia Tajik became Norway’s Minister of Culture, at the age of 29 this made Tajik the youngest ever minister to serve in the Norwegian government. Although no longer a Minister, she remains a Member of Parliament for the Labour party (Arbeiderpartiet) and is a keen proponent of ebooks and digital culture.
Kaci Kullmann Five
In terms of career Kaci Kullmann Five is most notably a politician, as she served in the Norwegian government during the 1980’s and 90’s. In 2003 she was elected by the Norwegian Parliament to the Norwegian Nobel Committee, and soon became chairwoman of the committee. In this capacity she was in charge of awarding the Nobel Peace Prize.
As leader of the Progress Party since 2006 and Minister of Finance since 2013, Siv Jensen is one of the most prominent politicians in modern Norway. She led her party into government for the first time, and is known for her support of a market economy and tough stance on immigration.
Norway boasts one of the most gender-equal economies in the world. In 2008, Norway obliged listed companies to reserve at least 40% of their director seats for women, something which proved a model for many other European countries.
However, many recent news stories have pointed out that Norway's biggest companies still lack women in leading positions, below board level, so there is still work to be done.
Anita Krohn Traaseth
A successful businesswoman and author, Traaseth was appointed CEO of Innovation Norway in 2014. This company is the Norwegian Government's official instrument for innovation and development of Norwegian enterprises and industry.
Prior to her joining the organisation, she worked as the Managing Director of Hewlett-Packard Norway, and in 2014 published the book Godt nok for de svina, which was released in English as Good Enough for the Bastards the following year.
Kristin Skogen Lund
Lund is a woman of many talents. She is the current Director general of NHO, a Norwegian employer’s organisation. She has held numerous positions as CEO for companies such as Telenor and Aftenposten, as well as occupying board positions at Ericsson, The Oslo Symphony Orchestra, and the Audi Committee.
Berit Svendsen is a Norwegian engineer and business executive. Svendsen currently sits as the vice president of the Telenor Group and head of Telenor Norway. She also holds board positions at the Norwegian National Bank (DNB), and EMGS, which provide support to the oil and gas industry.
It was not until 1903 that the first Norwegian woman received a doctorate at the University of Oslo. The first female professor was appointed nine years later. Today, some of Norway's leading researchers are women.
May-Britt Moser is a Norwegian psychologist, neuroscientist, and head of department of the Centre for Neural Computation at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Together with her then-husband Edvard Moser and John O’Keefe, Moser won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 2014.
A Norwegian novelist, Undset won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1928. Undset was depicted on the 500 Kroner note until the recent change, and even has a crater on the planet Venus named after her.
Skiing, handball, swimming and football are popular sports among young women in Norway. Football in particular is growing in popularity, so much so that the national women's team is among the best in the world.
Marit Bjørgen is Norway's cross-country skiing sensation. Currently ranked number 1 in the world, she is also the record holder of most Olympic medals (15), and most Gold Medals (8) of any winter sports athlete. She even had time to take a break during her career to have a child.
In addition to her Olympic success, she is ranked first in the all-time Cross-Country World Cup rankings with 112 individual victories. After nine attempts, she finally won her first Tour de Ski in 2015, beating former champion and fellow Norwegian Therese Johaug.
A professional boxer and former kick-boxer, Brækhus is the current female world welterweight champion. She is the first woman, and one of only four boxers, male or female, to hold the titles from the four boxing associations / federations simultaneously.
A professional footballer, Hegerberg plays as a striker for the Division 1 Féminine club Olympique Lyonnais in France. She has been a part of the Norwegian National team, playing in the youth sides until 2011 when she became included at the senior level.
In January 2016, Hegerberg was awarded the 2015 Norwegian Gold Ball, given to the best footballer in Norway. She was the first woman to win the award in 20 years.
Many Norwegian actresses are household names within Norway due to their appearances in Norwegian TV series and movies, but are barely known outside the country. But Norwegian women have and still are making a splash in the entertainment industry outside of Norway.
A three-time figure skating Olympic champion, ten-time World Champion, and six-time European Champion, Sonja Henie next sought out the silver screen. She moved to California in 1936 and became one of the highest-paid stars in Hollywood and starred in a series of box-office hits.
At the height of her acting career, she was one of the highest-paid stars in Hollywood and said to be one of the wealthiest women in the world. Her movie appearances included Thin Ice (1937), My Lucky Star (1938), Second Fiddle (1939) and Sun Valley Serenade (1941).
Ingrid Bolsø Berdal
An actress on the stage and on the screen, Berdal has captivated audiences across the globe. She began her career at The Norwegian Theatre in Oslo, where she was awarded the Hedda Award for Best Debut of the Year.
In between appearences on stage, Berdal worked on radio theatre, movie productions and television, including a notable appearance in the hit series Westworld. In 2006 she won an Amanda award for best Norwegian actress.
Best known for her role as Jessica Davis in the Netflix series 13 Reasons Why, Alisha Bø has had a number of roles in films and TV series. Alisha was born in Norway, but moved to California with her mother and American stepfather at the age of 7.
Anni Frid Lyngstad
Born in Nordland to a Norwegian mother and German father, Anni Frid Lyngstad achieved fame as the Norwegian member of otherwise Swedish pop group ABBA. After the band split in 1982, she set out as a solo artist although achieved only mixed success.
Lyngstad was awarded Best Female Artist in the 1982 edition of the Swedish music awards Rockbjörnen and was included along with her ABBA bandmates in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2010.
The Norwegian singer-songwriter Sigrid Solbakk Raabe is better known simply by her stage name Sigrid. She shot to fame outside Norway and in particular in the UK with her single “Dont Kill My Vibe”.
She went on to win BBC Music's Sound of 2018 award and has become a very popular figure in Britain, having performed at Glastonbury and the Reading festival.
Best known for her melodic joik-influenced music sung in the Sami language, Mari Boine is increasingly influenced by international music and her most recent album was made up of English language songs. She is a leading spokesperson for Sami culture.
What do you think – who else belongs on this list?