Impress your family and friends or simply learn something new. Here are a handful of fun facts about Trondheim, the regional capital of central Norway.
Having written many of these style of articles including the epic fun facts about Norway article, I felt it time to turn my attention much closer to home!
Trondheim has been my adopted home city for many years now. Yet I don't write anywhere near as much about the city as I could. It's one of Norway's most historic big cities, yet it's enormous student population means it's constantly changing.
Historical facts about Trondheim
1. The city is more than one thousand years old. It was founded in the year 997 as a trading post given its strategic location on the Trondheim fjord and Nidelva river. Rock carvings in the surrounding region show that people have lived here for thousands of years.
2. The city’s founder was a Viking King. Viking King Olav Tryggvason founded the city as a trading post in the year 997. It was frequently used as the seat of the king, and therefore served as the capital of Norway.
3. Trondheim's original name was Nidaros. Named after the Nidelva river, the city was also known as Kaupangr í Þróndheimi (“the city in Trondheim/Trøndelag”). During the Middle Ages, people began to use Þróndheimi—becoming Trondhjem—a spelling that you still see to this day. Nidaros remains in use as the name of a diocese in the Lutheran Church of Norway, and in the name of several clubs and sports teams.
Facts about Trondheim's Nidaros Cathedral
It's the biggest tourist destination in Trondheim so it's fair to give the cathedral a section all to itself. If these facts aren't enough for you, head on over to our complete guide.
4. It is the world's northernmost medieval cathedral. It is considered the most important religious building in Norway, and is also the largest medieval building in the whole of Scandinavia.
5. There are elements of English influence. The octagon is the oldest part of the cathedral. Many believe it was inspired by the Corona of Canterbury Cathedral. Meanwhile, the choir shows English influence and could have been modelled on the Angel Choir of Lincoln Cathedral.
6. It is the end point of a pilgrimage trail. Although not as well known as Spain's Camino de Santiago, hiking the various St. Olav's Ways across Scandinavia to the cathedral is a popular pilgrimage.
7. You can visit the crypt. It's easy to miss if you're not on a guided tour, but visitors are free to descend the claustrophobic staircase into the cathedral's crypt. Today it's home to a collection of marble gravestones.
8. The West Front restoration was Norway's largest ever art project. The eye-catching facade was fully restored by sculptors 1905 to 1983. The sculptures depict both historic and religious figures. They are based on historical records, a print from the 17th-century, and on simple guesswork and/or fantasy.
Facts about the Archbishop's Palace
9. The palace has had many uses. It has been the residence of Norway's most powerful people, and also a military installation. Today, the site is home to a museum telling the story of the site and the neighbouring Cathedral.
10. Norway's Royal Regalia is stored here. On display to the public, the collection includes the stunning crowns of the King and Queen of Norway.
11. The courtyard hosts some of Trondheim's biggest concerts. The annual St. Olav's Festival takes place in and around the palace courtyard. The main stage has hosted concerts by the likes of Sting and Patti Smith.
Facts about the Trondheim of today
12. Trondheim is considered the technology capital of Norway. The city is home to Norway's science and technology university NTNU and the research institute SINTEF. Many technologies are spun-off into companies that then base themselves in the city. There is also an impressive startup scene.
13. Trondheim has 13 sister cities. The city has friendship agreements with 13 cities around the world. Many are in fellow Nordic countries, although Vallejo, California, is also on the list! The cities signed the friendship agreement in 1956.
14. The city is not the capital of Trøndelag. Although Trondheim is by far the biggest city in Trøndelag, the county covering much of central Norway has its administrative functions in Steinkjer. This is to avoid concentrating too much power (and jobs, etc) in one place in what is a vast region.
15. Trondheim is well connected by rail. The city's central station serves as something of a hub for the railway network. The Dovre line to Oslo, the alternative line to Oslo via Røros and Hamar, and the Nordland line to Bodø all start here. You can even catch a train to Östersund in Sweden, changing on to the Swedish network at Storlien just over the border.
The sporting side of Trondheim
16. The city is Norway's capital of cross-country skiing. So many of Norway's Olympians have come from Trondheim and the wider Trøndelag county. The region has a reputation for producing champions, although many of them train elsewhere!
17. Rosenborg are Norway's most successful football club. The Trondhiem-based club have won a record 26 titles in the Norwegian league. They've also picked up 12 Norwegian Cup victories and have played more games in European competition than any other Norwegian side.
18. Lerkendal Stadium is Norway's biggest club stadium. Rosenborg's home ground has an all-seater capacity of just over 21,000. Only Oslo's Ullevaal Stadium, which hosts national team matches and the Cup final, is bigger.